Applied Behavior Analysis
ABA therapy is based on the principals of Applied Behavior Analysis and uses empirically based interventions to change the antecedents and consequences surrounding behaviors in order to obtain behavior change. ABA therapy uses principles of learning theory to teach socially relevant behaviors. ABA uses reinforcement to shape and prompt new behaviors from clients. One method of ABA is the use of Discrete Trial Training to teach various skills to individuals with developmental disabilities including autism. ABA therapy is provided in the clinic, community, and home settings and involves an individualized assessment of skills and progress monitoring throughout the therapy.
Programs begin by assessing current levels of functioning, followed by basic pre-learning skills such as attending and sitting.
More complex skills such as communication, social skills, safety awareness, and basic concepts (numbers, letters, shapes, colors, etc.) are integrated slowly and gradually from simple to complex.
What does ABA target?
ABA can target a variety of areas including:
Verbal Behavior (speaking, signing, picture exchanges, AAC)
Behavior Management (tantrums, compliance, aggression, self-injury)
Social Skills (sharing, coping, waiting, etc.)
Adaptive Skills (toilet training, tying shoes, riding bikes, dressing, feeding, etc.)
Academic Skills (reading, math, writing, fluency, etc.)
How we pick skills to target.
Assessments such as the Assessment of Basic Learning and Language Skills, Revised (ABLLS-R), and the Verbal Behavior Milestones Assessment and Placement Program (VB-MAPP) are often utilized to help determine functioning levels and treatment goals. Data is collected throughout the session and used to decide when to change goals and add new skills.
*Additional fees apply to home or school ABA programs. Please call for more information about obtaining ABA services for your family.